Gerunds of State in Turkish

If there are two actions done at the same time, you can use the Gerunds of State to portray it. We actually use this gerund a lot when making sentences in Present Cont. and Past Cont. Tense. The suffix used for the gerund of state is ‘-(y)arak/-(y)erek’ suffix meaning ‘by’ (doing something) in English.


Here are some sentence examples:

  • Ahmet eve koşarak

(Ahmet went home (by) running)


  • Müzik dinleyerek ders çalışamazsın.

(You can’t study (by) listening to music)


  • Aşağı bakarak yürürsen düşersin.

(If you walk (by) looking down, you will fall)


Another way to use the Gerunds of State is by adding writing the verb two times and adding the ‘-(y)a/-(y)e’ suffix at the end of both verbs.

  • Yemek yiye yiye spor yaptı.

(He did sports (by) eating food)


  • Kadın oynaya oynaya sahneye çıktı.

(The woman entered the stage (by) dancing)

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