What is the Locative Case?
The locative case is used to indicate the place where the action occurs. It can also be used to indicate the time the action occurs. The locative case marker in Turkish is “-de/-da/-te/-ta” which is usually “in/at/on” in English.
|-de/-da after soft consonants||b/c/d/g/ğ/j/l/m/n/r/v/y/z|
|-de/-da after vowel||e/i/ö/ü/a/ı/o/u|
|-te/-ta after hard consonants||ç/f/h/k/p/s/ş/t|
- Ben Ankara’da yaşıyorum – I live in Ankara.
- Hergün işte çok çalışıyorum – Everyday, I work a lot at work.
- Ahmet arabada uyuyor – Ahmet is sleeping in the car.
- Kitapta ne yazıyor? – What’s writing on the book?
- Kedi ağaçta bekliyor – The car is waiting on the tree.
The Buffer Letter -y
If you’re going to use a personal suffix right after a noun with a locative case, we add the buffer letter “-y” before the “I” personal suffix:
- Bugün evdeyim – Today, I’m at home.
- Ben işteyim, sen nerdesin? – I’m at work, where are you?
Locative Case with Pronouns
Similarly to the dative case, Personal Pronouns can also be followed by the locative case “-de/-da”:
|Personal Pronouns||Modified Pronouns|
|Ben||Bende (On Me)|
|Sen||Sende (On You)|
|O||Onda (On Him/Her/It)|
|Biz||Bizde (On Us)|
|Siz||Sizde (On You)|
|Onlar||Onlarda (On Them)|
- Evin anahtarı bende – The house’s keys are on me / I have (got) the house’s keys.
- Bugün sizde ne yapacağız – What are we going to do at your place?
- Onlarda kalem yok – They don’t have a pencil.
Other Usages of the Locative Case
We can also make locative question words. The words “Nerede” meaning “Where” and “Kimde” meaning “On Whom” or “Who’s got” are made by adding “-de” suffix to “Nere” and “Kim”:
- Annem nerede? – Where’s my mom?
- Kumanda kimde? – Who has (got) the remote?