What are Time Adverbs?

Time Adverbs tell us the time the action occurs and it answers the question “ne zaman” meaning “when”.  Time Adverbs answer three types of question regarding the time of an action:

 

  • Repeated time locations
  • The frequency of the action
  • Duration of the action

 

First, let’s see a list of Time Adverbs:

DünYesterday
BugünToday
YarınTomorrow
SabahIn the morning
ÖğlenAt noon
AkşamIn the evening
ŞimdiNow
SonraLater
HaftayaNext Week
Geçen HaftaLast Week
Gelecek SeneNext Year
YakındaSoon
PazartesiMonday
ÇarşambaWednesday
CumaFriday

 

Let’s see some sentence examples:

  • Ahmet dün Ankara’dan geldi. (Ahmet came yesterday from Ankara)
  • Geçen hafta arkadaşlarımla sinemaya gittim. (Last week we went to the cinema with my friends)
  • Bu ödevi sonra yapacağım. (I’m gonna do this homework later.)

 

Frequency Adverbs

By adding the suffix “-leri/-ları” to the name of the day or parts of the day, we can tell how frequently the action occurs:

  • Cumaları basketbol oynarım. (On Fridays I play basketball)
  • Sabahları kahvaltıda hep süt içerim. (I always drink milk at breakfast in the mornings)

 

The word “her” meaning “every” is also used with the name of the day or parts of the day:

  • Her akşam yoga yaparım.(I do yoga every night)

 

Here is a small list of adverbs that express frequency:

HepAlways
Her … (zaman, akşam, gün,…)Every … (time, night, day)
GenellikleUsually
Sık SıkOften
Ara sıraSometimes
BazenSometimes
Hiç / Hiçbir ZamanNever
Günde /Haftada /Ayda/ Yılda bir/iki/üç  kezOne/Two/three times a /day/week/month/year

Here are some more examples:

  • Genellikle dışarıda yürüş yaparım. (I usually do walking outside.)
  • Günde iki kez şınav çekerim. (I do pushups two times a day).

 

It is possible to use more than one frequency adverb consequently:

  • Bazen hiç televizyon izlemem. (I sometimes never watch television)
  • Ara sıra öğlenleri hamburger yerim. (Sometimes at noon I eat a hamburger.)

 

 

Duration Adverbs

When you want to talk about the duration of an event, we can use a numeral with the following words from the chart:

 

SaniyeSeconds
DakikaMinutes
SaatHours
GünDays
HaftaWeeks
AyMonths
YılYears

 

  • Seni üç saat bekledim. (I waited three hours for you)
  • Ankara’da üç yıl yaşadım.(I lived in Ankara for 3 years)
  • Her gün otuz dakika meditasyon yaparım. (Everyday I do thirty minutes of meditation)

 

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