Turkish Adverbs (Manner, Place, Time, Frequency)

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List of Turkish Adverbs

In our previous lessons we learned about Adjectives and Articles in Turkish, today we will learn about the different types of Adverbs in Turkish. Like in English, Turkish adverbs are separated into five groups.

  1. Adverbs of Manner
  2. Adverbs of Place
  3. Adverbs of Time
  4. Adverbs of Quantity
  5. Adverbs of Question

Turkish Adverbs of Manner

The first type of adverb that you will probably use a lot when you start speaking Turkish is the adverbs of manner. These adverbs describe in what manner the action (the verb) is done.

Turkish adverbs are made by adding the suffix “-ce/-ca/-çe/-ça” to adjectives:

Yavaş
Slow
Yavaşça
Slowly
Hızlı
Fast / Quick
Hızlıca
Quickly
Dikkatli
Careful
Dikkatlice
Carefully
Gizli
Secret
Gizlice
Secretly
Sessiz
Quiet
Sessizce
Quietly

The adverb of manner are used before a verb and and the question “nasıl” (how) :

  • Doktor hastayla sessizce konuştu.
  • The doctor talked quietly with the patient.
  • Annem yavaşça odama girdi.
  • My mother slowly entered my room
  • Casus gizlice çatıya çıktı.
  • The spy secretly climbed the roof

Be careful with the vowel harmony when using the adverbs of manner suffix. Some adjectives can’t use the “-ce” suffix, instead they use the word “bir biçimde” or “bir şekilde” meaning “in a way” that also has the same meaning of the “-ce” suffix.

  • Kız, üzücü bir şekilde hikaye anlattı.
  • The girl told a story in a sad way.
  • Oğlan sempatik bir biçimde kıza yaklaştı.
  • The boy approached the girl sympathetically.

Turkish Adverbs of Place & Direction

These adverbs show the place where the action is happening or directed towards. In order to find the adverb of place in a sentence, we ask the question “nereye” meaning “where”. Unlike the adverbs of manner, adverbs of place are used without suffixes. If an adverb of place gets any suffix, it becomes a noun.

Here is a list of Adverbs of Place:

İçeriInside
DışarıOutside
YukarıUp /
Upward
AşağıDown /
Downward
SağRight
SolLeft
İleriForward
GeriBackward
KarşıOpposite
DoğruTowards

Let’s see some sentence examples:

  • Tarkan aşağı atladı.
  • Tarkan jumped down.
  • Lütfen biraz daha geri git.
  • Please go backwards a little more

You can also use the dative, locative, and the ablative suffixes to show where the location is at or the movement is from.

  • Işıklardan karşıya geç ve sağa dön.
  • Walk across the lights and turn right.
  • Dışarıda bekleme, içeriye gel.
  • Don’t wait outside, come inside.
  • Selin çok geriden geliyor.
  • Selin is coming from way back / behind.

Turkish Adverbs of Time

Adverbs of time tell us the time the action occurs and it answers the question “ne zaman” meaning “when”. Adverbs of time answer three types of question regarding the time of an action:

  1. Repeated time locations
  2. Frequency of the action
  3. Duration of the action

First let’s see a list of Adverbs of Time in Turkish:

DünYesterday
BugünToday
YarınTomorrow
SabahIn the morning
ÖğlenAt noon
AkşamIn the evening
ŞimdiNow
SonraLater
HaftayaNext Week
Geçen HaftaLast Week
Gelecek SeneNext Year
YakındaSoon
PazartesiMonday
ÇarşambaWednesday
CumaFriday

Let’s see some examples:

  • Ahmet dün Ankara’dan geldi.
  • Ahmet came from Ankara yesterday.
  • Geçen hafta arkadaşlarımla sinemaya gittik.
  • Last week we went to the cinema with my friends
  • Bu ödevi sonra yapacağım.
  • I’m gonna do this homework later.

By adding the suffix “-leri/-ları” to the name of the day or parts of the day, we can tell how frequently the action occurs.

  • Cumaları basketbol oynarım.
  • On Fridays I play basketball.
  • Sabahları kahvaltıda hep süt içerim.
  • I always drink milk at breakfast in the mornings.

The word “her” meaning “every” is also used with the name of the day or parts of the day.

  • Her akşam yoga yaparım.
  • I do yoga every night.

Turkish Adverbs of Frequency

Here is a small list of adverbs that express frequency:

HepAlways
Her …
(zaman, akşam, gün,…)
Every …
(time, night, day)
GenellikleUsually
Sık SıkOften
Ara sıraSometimes
BazenSometimes
Hiç / Hiçbir ZamanNever
Günde / Haftada / Ayda/ Yılda
bir / iki / üç kez
One/Two/three times
a /day/week/month/year
  • Genellikle dışarıda yürüş yaparım.
  • I usually do walking outside.
  • Günde iki kez şınav çekerim.
  • I do push ups two times a day.

It is possible to use more than one adverb of frequency consequently.

  • Bazen hiç televizyon izlemem.
  • I sometimes never watch television.
  • Ara sıra öğlenleri hamburger yerim.
  • Sometimes at noon I eat a hamburger.

Turkish Adverbs of Duration

When you want to talk about the duration of an event, we can use a numeral with the following words from the chart:

SaniyeSeconds
DakikaMinutes
SaatHours
GünDays
HaftaWeeks
AyMonths
YılYears
  • Seni üç saat bekledim.
  • I waited three hours for you.
  • Ankara’da üç yıl yaşadım.
  • I lived in Ankara for 3 years.
  • Her gün otuz dakika meditasyon yaparım.
  • Everyday I do thirty minutes of meditation.

We will continue with Adverbs the next day, keep revising this and the earlier lessons for now.

You’ve come to the end of this lesson!

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