Turkish Future Tense

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Positive – Future Tense

In today’s lecture, we will learn the last tense for this lecture series, the Future Tense. We use the future tense to talk about thing that haven’t happened yet, but will take place in the future. We usually use certain time expression to further amplify the meaning of the future tense by adding the below word in the chart:

ŞimdiNow
BugünToday
Bu AkşamThis Evening
Bu GeceTonight
YarınTomorrow
HaftasonuWeekend
HaftaiçiWeekday
HaftayaNext Week
Haftaya …Next …
(Day of Week)
Gelecek ..The Coming
(Time Words)
YılYear
PazartesiMonday
SalıTuesday
ÇarşambaWednesday
PerşembeThurday
CumaFriday
CumartesiSaturday
PazarSunday
SaatHour
GünDay
HaftaWeek
AyMonth

We turn the verb into the Future tense by adding the “-ecek/-acak” suffix to the end of the root of the verb and finally adding the personal suffix. Let’s see the conjugation chart:

 a/ı/o/ue/i/ö/ü
Ben-(y)acağım-(y)eceğim
Sen-(y)acaksın-(y)eceksin
O-(y)acak-(y)ecek
Biz-(y)acağız-(y)eceğiz
Siz-(y)acaksınız-(y)eceksiniz
Onlar-(y)acaklar-(y)ecekler

Here are some sentence examples:

  • Yarın kütüphanede ödevimi yapacağım.
  • Tomorrow, I will do my homework at the library.
  • Ahmet bu akşam arkadaşı Sinan’la sinemaya gidecek.
  • Ahmet will go to the cinema tonight with his friend Sinan.
  • Sen alışverişini yapana kadar dışarıda bekleyeceğim.
  • I will wait outside until you do your shopping.

Negative – Future Tense

Negative future tense sentences are made by inserting the “-me/-ma” between the verb root and the future tense suffix “-ecek/-acak”:

 a/ı/o/ue/i/ö/ü
Ben-mayacağım-meyeceğim
Sen-mayacaksın-meyeceksin
O-mayacak-meyecek
Biz-mayacağız-meyeceğiz
Siz-mayacaksınız-meyeceksiniz
Onlar-mayacaklar-meyecekler

Let’s see some examples:

  • Bugün okula hasta olduğum için gitmeyeceğim.
  • I won’t go to school today because I’m sick.
  • Gelecek ay evimin önündeki yüzme kursuna devam etmeyeceğim.
  • Next month, I won’t continue the swimming course in front of my house.
  • Ayşe bozuk arabasını henüz satmayacak.
  • Ayşe won’t sell her broken car yet.

Positive Questions

Like in all other tenses, we make future tense questions by adding the “-mi/-mı” question particle after the root of the verb conjugated with the “-ecek/-acak” suffix. We add the personal suffix after the question particle.

 a/ı/o/ue/i/ö/ü
Ben-(y)acak mıyım-(y)ecek miyim
Sen-(y)acak mısın-(y)ecek misin
O-(y)acak mı-(y)ecek mi
Biz-(y)acak mıyız-(y)ecek miyiz
Siz-(y)acak mısınız-(y)ecek misiniz
Onlar-(y)acaklar mı-(y)ecekler mi

Here are some example sentences:

  • Hafta sonu Ayşe’nin doğum günü partisine gidecek misin?
  • Are you going to Ayşe’s birthday party this weekend?
  • Ahmet telefonda. Onunla konuşacak mısın?
  • Ahmet is at the phone. Are you going to talk to him?
  • Yarın sabah benimle spor salonuna gidecek misin?
  • Will you go to the gym with me tomorrow morning?

Negative Questions

Negative future tense questions are made by simply adding the “-ma/-me/” before the “-ecek/-acak” suffix, the rest of the question sentence stays the same.

 a/ı/o/ue/i/ö/ü
Ben-mayacak mıyım-meyecek miyim
Sen-mayacak mısın-meyecek misin
O-mayacak mı-meyecek mi
Biz-mayacak mıyız-meyecek miyiz
Siz-mayacak mısınız-meyecek misiniz
Onlar-mayacaklar mı-meyecekler mi

Let’s see some sentence examples:

  • Bu gece birlikte film izlemeyecek miyiz?
  • Aren’t we going to watch a film together tonight?
  • Babanlar bu hafta sonu bizi ziyarete gelmeyecekler mi?
  • Aren’t your father’s coming to visit us this weekend?
  • Okul ödevini bitirmeyecek misin?
  • Aren’t you going to finish your school homework?

There might be some expressions in some of these sentences that you may not know, but don’t worry. We will cover all the required topics by the end of this lecture series.

You’ve come to the end of this lesson!

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